## Spacetime magnetic hopfions from internal excitations and braiding of skyrmions

Spatial topology endows topological solitons, such as skyrmions and hopfions, with fascinating dynamics. However, the temporal dimension has so far provided a passive stage on which topological solitons evolve. Here we construct spacetime magnetic hopfions: magnetic textures in two spatial dimensions that when excited by a time-periodic drive develop spacetime topology. We uncover two complementary construction routes using skyrmions by braiding their center of mass position and by controlling…

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