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Ground-State Cooling of a Mechanical Oscillator by Interference in Andreev Reflection

Reaching the quantum ground state of a nanomechanical oscillator consisting of millions of atoms would allow to study the weirdness of quantum mechanics in a new regime. Suspended carbon nanotubes can oscillate at different frequencies similar to a guitar string. In this paper, we propose a novel way to cool such a system towards the absolute zero of temperature, when these modes are in their quantum ground state with the minimal possible energy. Just like in an ordinary refrigerator electric...

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